Thursday, January 11, 2018

The History Of Penalty On Football

Penalties, or more appropriately called penalties, is a way which is now often used to determine the winner in the football match should end with a victory / defeat (not series). On penalties after the match lasted 90 minutes and followed by 2 times 15 minutes of extra time but the state still draws. Usually occurs when a knockout. Although its implementation is similar, penalties carried out following different rules from a penalty kick. The results of penalty shoot-out were not included in the calculation of score (so the situation remains the series), it is only used to determine the winner.

It is said that the penalty shootout was first suggested by a referee from Penzberg, Bavaria, Germany named Karl Wald in 1970. At that time, if at all after extra-time series winner is determined by using a coin toss. Because they think this way is very hit and miss, he proposed penalties to the council president Bavarian football. The proposal was first rejected, but after the team lobbied by the proposer, the new proposal was accepted. Once forwarded to the German Football Association (DFB) and accepted, then these rules are immediately applied also in the UEFA and the Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Another claim says that the penalty shootout was first proposed in England and also in Israel.

Penalties was first performed in England in 1970 between Hull City and Manchester United in the Watney Cup (league cup in England) and won by Manchester United.

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Determination of major international championship which was first determined by a penalty shootout is in the final of the UEFA European Football Championship 1976, which is between Czechoslovakia against West Germany. Czechoslovakia won 5-3.

Three FIFA World Cup finals record must be completed with penalties: 1994 World Cup final at the Stadium "Rose Bowl" Pasadena, California, USA between Brazil and Italy (won by Brazil with 3-2); Princess 1999 World Cup finals in the same stadium between the U.S. team and China (the U.S. won with 5-4); and 2006 FIFA World Cup final at Berlin's Olympic Stadium, Germany, which was won by Italy to beat France 5-3 after a 1-1 draw state until extra-time ended.

Some leagues in the world ever use penalties to avoid the series. Sometime in the 1980s, the League of Hungary, Yugoslavia, and Norway, tried to penalties if the outcome of the game series, with the same format as the format J. Leagues below. Regulation is then removed. In the United States, Major League Soccer also uses penalties to avoid a draw. While in Asia, Japan by J. League also uses a penalty shootout if the game series can not be solved by an extension of time to format the acquisition value of 3 points for a victory in normal time, 2 points to win in extra time, 1 point for a victory in a penalty shootout, and 0 points for losing.

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